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Spain Public Company - Sociedad Anónima (S.A.)

How to incorporate a Sociedad Anónima in Spain. Advantages of a Sociedad Anónima in Spain.



A Company of greater size in Spain is a Public Company. How to form a Public Company in Spain

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Shares. The share capital must be issued, the minumum ammount is € 60.000. At least 25% of nominal value of shares must be paid.

One shareholder is required to set up a Public Company. There is no limit to the number of shareholders.

The board of shareholders is the most important body in the directing and managing of a S.A., it has the power to appoint and dismiss directors of the company. The company can be quoted on the Stock Market.


Step by step: Sociedad Anónima

The steps to incorporating a Public Company in Spain are:

  • Certificate from Mercantile Registry comfirming name availability
  • Granting of a power of attorney for the incorporation
  • Agreement to incorporate a company by the shareholders (Acuerdo de Voluntades)
  • Obtain a VAT Number (Código de Identificación Fiscal - CIF)
  • Open a Bank Account
  • Appointment of directors
  • Drafting of the Company Deed
  • Public Deed of Company Incorporation before a notary
  • Payment of Capital Transfer and Notarial Documents Tax(Impuesto de Transmisiones Patrimoniales y Actos Jurídicos Documentados )
  • Register with the Mercantile Registry